Despite mainly overseas commentators continuing to predict that the “bubble is about to burst” for Australian property, and in the absence of an international trigger event, Australia seems well placed in a macro sense. As we have said many times in our reports, Australia has hundreds of local property markets affected by local factors but there are only two that really matter – Melbourne and Sydney. They are by far the largest and all the other markets are affected by their health in some way, particularly in terms of market sentiment.
So let’s look at the factors that are affecting those markets.
What many overseas commentators overlook when making their bubble calls is the strong prudential regulation and banking oversight that Australia has. The present banking royal commission is strong tangible proof of this, however the real hero of this story is a man called Wayne Byers. Mr Byers is the head of APRA, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority and their job is to regulate the Australian finance industry on behalf of the government.
In 2014 Mr Byers and his team at APRA recognised that there was too much annual growth in rental investor loans by the banks and recognised that if this continued it would all end in tears. So he limited the annual growth in investor loans to 10% pa and this was very effective (it is now running at a sustainable 5% pa (approx), but he wasn’t finished. In April 2017 APRA introduced a cap on Interest Only loans to 30% of all new loans issued by the banks. Interest only loans are popular with investors. These measures have had a significant impact in taking the heat out of the market and look like guiding these two large metropolitan markets to a sustainable soft landing. In previous years it would have been the blunt instrument of interest rate rises by the RBA but that has not been needed and the economy will be better for it. There will be a change in the interest rate trend at some point by the Reserve Bank, most likely in 2019 but it is likely to be minor movement due the level of household debt which the RBA is acutely aware of. In the meantime with interest rates rising in the US due to their very strong economy, you will start to see local lending institutions needling up their lending rates in very small percentage points where they can and wheeling out the “rising cost of wholesale funding” line to justify it.
The other aspect that protects these two engine rooms of the Australian property market is population growth. Regardless of whether you are for or against population growth, it underwrites the property markets simply because they need somewhere to live. Melbourne and Sydney are highly desirable destinations for skilled migrants, international students and in many cases the ultra wealthy. They are clean cities, generally safe and have stable governments. This appeal is unlikely to change anytime soon.
With the recent substantial price rises in Melbourne and Sydney there has been significant flow on affects, both positive and negative. The negative effects on those trying to enter the property market has been significant and without family assistance (including inheritance) many simply cannot afford to buy where they would like to. The positive flow on affect for regional and coastal areas, including other capital cities such as Hobart for example has been significant. Equity created in Melbourne and Sydney is being utilised to facilitate property purchases in cheaper locations, often debt free.
On the Surfcoast, we have seen this first hand as both young couples attracted by affordability and Baby Boomers attracted by the lifestyle are actively engaged. The number of properties available for sale on the Surfcoast are at all time lows and competition for properties is common. Great Ocean Properties has recently facilitated record house prices in both Anglesea and Jan Juc with the $3m and $4m price points being broken respectively for the first time. This is all a reflection and caused by the strong performance of the Melbourne property market.
Moving forward we will see some ebbs and flows in sentiment, which is common when previously hot property markets cool, but the fundamentals remain solid for the reasons previously mentioned. Owner occupiers will continue to buy and sell as their needs change, the Baby Boomers will continue to transition into their retirement phase and set up their lifestyle plans and first home owners will continue to be daunted by the journey to home ownership. Investors and developers face increased scrutiny to secure loans but those who can afford it will, and that can only be a good thing. The level of household debt will continue to concern regulators however with APRA steadying the ship, changes to poor lending practices by the banks via the torch of the Royal Commission and in the absence of an international negative economic event, the Melbourne and Sydney markets should settle into a sustainable pattern. If we look back at the GFC in 2008 it was poor lending practices in the US that facilitated that economic disaster and we are very fortunate that in Australia, Mr Byers is making sure that it will not happen again.
Excerpt from an article by Marty Maher, Director at Great Ocean Properties